There are four "basic" types of headaches: migraines, cluster headaches, tension headaches, and sinus headaches. There are other types as well, but these are the main ones that affect most people. Each has a different distribution of pain, although overlap can occur. It is helpful to identify the pattern of your pain so you can discuss symptoms accurately with a health care professional. He or she can then best suggest a treatment plan that is individualized for you.