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Headache & Migraine Medications
(listed alphabetically)

T-U

Is there a headache/Migraine medication missing from our profiles? If so, email headaches.guide@about.com.

           


   


Talwin NX 
  • Rx, abortive, narcotic analgesic, opioid
  • pentazocine 50 mg/maloxone 05. mg
  • tablets
  • possible side effects include: nausea, vomiting, constipation, depression of respiration
  • sedating
  • potentially addictive
  • strong potential for rebound headaches

Thorazine (Chlorpromazine) 
  • Rx, antiemetic, neuroleptic
  • relieves pain, nausea, and vomiting
  • oral, injectable, and suppositories
  • very sedating and long-lasting
  • possible side effects include: sedation, anticholinergic effects, hypotension, extrapyramidal effects, confusion
  • contraindications: narrow-angle glaucoma, some prostate conditions, severe hypotension, cardiac arrhythmia

Tigan (Trimethobenzamide) 
  • Rx, antiemetic, neuroleptic
  • relieves pain, nausea, and vomiting
  • oral, injectable, and suppositories
  • although somewhat less effective than some drugs of this type, it is usually well tolerated, and is useful for children
  • possible side effects include: sedation, anticholinergic effects, hypotension, extrapyrimidal effects, confusion
  • contraindications: narrow-angle glaucoma, some prostate conditions, severe hypotension, cardiac arrhythmia

Topamax (Topiramate) 
  • Brand Names (U.S.): Topamax
  • Brand Names (Canada): Not yet commercially available in Canada.
  • Pregnancy & Breast Feeding: Although studies have not been done on use during pregnancy, animal studies have shown birth defects in offspring. Before taking this medicine, be sure to notify your doctor if you are pregnant or may become pregnant. It is not known if topiramate passes into breast milk.
  • Children: There have been no studies comparing use of this drug to use in other age groups, but results and side effects are not expected to differ.
  • Possible side effects: tingling sensations, clumsiness or unsteadiness, confusion, uncontrolled back-and-forth or rolling eye movements, dizziness, double vision or other vision problems, drowsiness,  memory problems, menstrual pain, nervousness, speech or language problems, unusual tiredness or weakness, weight loss
  • Special note on potential side effects:
    On September 26, 2001, Joseph Hulihan, M.D., Director of CNS Research at Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical, Inc. issued a warning statement to health care professionals warning of some startling potential side effects of Topamax. Postmarketing reports of these potential side effects indicate:

    "Symptoms have typically occurred within the first month of therapy, with patients reporting an acute onset of decreased visual acuity and/or ocular pain. Eye examination revealed myopia, redness, shallowing of the anterior chamber and elevated ocular pressure, with or without pupil dilatation. Supraciliary effusion may displace the lens and iris anteriorly, secondarily causing angle closure glaucoma."
    For more information, see Topamax: Take With Caution

  • Other medications: Using any drugs in combination with other drugs may cause serious and potentially dangerous side effects. Discuss your other medications with your physician. Be especially certain to discuss it with your doctor if you take: Acetazolamide (Diamox), Dichlorphenamide (Daranide), Carbamazepine (Tegretol), Oral contraceptives, Phenytoin (Dilantin), Valproic acid (Depakene, Depakote)
  • Other medical conditions: Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially: kidney or liver problems.

Toradol (Ketorolac)
  • Rx, abortive, NSAID
  • not as effective as some medications, but is useful when oral meds cannot be used.
  • non-sedative, non-addictive
  • oral or injectable
  • used for mild to moderate migraine, tension, menstrual headache and intractable migraine
  • should be taken at first indication of headache
  • major potential for rebound headache, should generally not be used for more than three days consecutively
  • significant risk of GI and kidney side effects
  • contraindicated in those with GI or kidney disorders or risks

Ultram (Tramadol)
  • Rx, analgesic
  • not available in Canada
  • used to relieve pain, including pain after surgery. The effects of tramadol are similar to those of narcotic analgesics. Although tramadol is not a narcotic, it may become habit-forming, causing mental or physical dependence.
  • available as tablets
  • possible side effects: abdominal or stomach pain, agitation, anxiety, constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, headache, heartburn, itching of the skin, loss of appetite, loss of strength or weakness, nausea, nervousness, skin rash, sweating, unusual feeling of excitement, vomiting. Less common: Blisters under the skin; blurred vision; change in walking and balance; convulsions (seizures); difficult urination; dizziness or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position; fainting; fast heartbeat; frequent urge to urinate; loss of memory; numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in hands or feet; seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there; severe redness, swelling, and itching of the skin; shortness of breath; trembling and shaking of hands or feet; trouble performing routine tasks
  • other medications: It is especially important that your physician know if you are taking Tegretol (Carbamazepine); central nervous system depressants; MAO Inhibitors such as Furoxone, Marplan, Nardil, etc.
  • Other medical problems: It is especially important that your physician know if you have abdominal or stomach conditions (severe). history of drug or alcohol abuse, head injury, kidney disease, liver disease, seizure disorders

Material on this page is for informational purposes only,
and should not be construed as medical advice.
Always consult your physician or pharmacist regarding medications.

 


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